Discount Freight Shipping in Australia
International freight shipping in Melbourne is a complex procedure that requires the services of an international freight forwarder.
A freight forwarder is essentially a company or a person whose duties are to organize shipments of corporations or individuals, and to get large orders from manufacturers to the market or to the final point of distribution.
Freight Shipping Company in Melbourne contract carriers to facilitate the shipment of goods. The forwarder himself is not a carrier per se, but is skilled in supply chain management. Basically, these forwarders can be thought of as a travel agency for the cargo industry or as a third party logistics provider.
Australian Freight Shipping Service Melbourne
Freight Shipping can be booked for a whole host of carrier types, which include ships, trucks, planes and railroads. Some shipments can use multiple carrier types on route before it reaches its designated destination.
Freight shipping in Melbourne calls for very specific documentation as it has to go through multiple custom checks before being allowed to pass through. The forwarder would organize the carriage of your international shipment, along with helping the handling and processing of all the necessary paperwork. International forwarders also make sure that your shipment is arriving at the correct place at the specified time.
An international freight Company in Melbourne should traditionally guide you through the complicated process of international shipping, as they are the experts on the international freight shipping process. This way you can understand and aid your shipment and your freight forwarding company can benefit from this information.
A day in the life of a freight forwarder would consist of the following tasks:
The primary task of a Freight Shipping Company at work would be conversations and negotiations with clients and warehouses that they deal with worldwide. This is because they need to gather information for the purpose of passing it on to the concerned parties that they are doing business with or need to report to as authorities. These would include an SSL – Steam Ship Line, the United States Customs or they might even be the customer themselves.
International Discount Freight Shipping in Australia
What is FOB? This is a common question among those new to the shipping industry and a great inquiry, indeed. Failure to properly understand this concept can result in the loss of hundreds of dollars.
The best FOB definition is found in the meaning of the acronym itself, which is Free on Board, although some prefer to use the FOB definition of Freight on Board. Either way, this term signifies to the ship crew at what point during the shipping process the buyer of the product is not responsible for charges.
Some may wonder what the importance of understanding the FOB definition is, and there are many reasons why understanding this concept is important. The terms FOB determines the risk of loss involved as the product is transferred from the seller to the buyer. Furthermore, the buyer can lose a lot of money in being ignorant of these terms as they stipulate the amount of money owed for the shipment, and this can add up to a large sum of money especially for larger cargo.
Many are still confused at their options upon hearing the general definition. There are four standard choices in FOB. First, the seller can be responsible for paying for all of the shipping charges while the buyer is responsible for insurance on the product, and this method is known as CF Pay Freight to Destination. Others prefer to establish an FOB Destination which places a higher responsibility on the seller as they are responsible for both the cost to ship as well as the risk of loss. FOB Shipping Point is the exact opposite; the buyer is responsible for charges and possible damage. Finally, the choice of Pay Insurance and Freight to Destination stipulates that the seller is responsible for acquiring insurance on the product to protect it during the shipment.
Buyers of imported products who have been doing so for some time and have never been presented with their FOB options should inquire as they are subject to the terms set by the shipper, and these are often not to their advantage.
In the event that the product becomes lost or stolen during the shipping process, the buyer may be responsible for covering such damage. Often buyers will carry insurance on the shipment, but again this is something that should be determined beforehand in the terms and conditions. For this reason, all buyers of shipped goods should understand the concept of FOB.
Australian Freight Shipping Melbourne Australia
What do you need to know about shipping freight internationally? We've got a few common questions (and answers) here.
1. What is Ocean Freight?
Most freight shipped intercontinental is transported via sea vessel in containers. This is rarely the only component to international shipping however. A reference to ocean freight cost usually refers only to the cost associated with the actual ocean-crossing portion of the shipment. Transportation of the freight to and from container yards at the ports of origin and destination is provided by trucks and are not part of an ocean freight charge. (Depending upon the destination country, a freight transportation management service can provide assistance with inland transportation after the container is unloaded at the port as well.)
2. Surcharges in Ocean Freight
Additional charges included in an international ocean freight price quote will generally include basic sea freight charges to cover the port-to-port transportation, a fuel surcharge, security charges, documentation fees and container delivery charges.
3. What is a Container Yard (CY)?
A Container Yard (CY) is a facility at which loaded and empty freight containers are accepted for loading onboard vessels. Containers are also off-loaded and stored at CYs.
4. What is FOB?
FOB stands for Free on Board. It is used to indicate when liability and ownership of goods is transferred from a seller to a buyer. In international shipping, "FOB [name of originating port]" means that the seller (consignor) is responsible for transportation of the goods to the port of shipment and the cost of loading. The buyer (consignee) pays the costs of ocean freight, insurance, unloading, and transportation from the arrival port to the final destination. The seller passes the risk to the buyer when the goods are loaded at the originating port.
5. What is "Live Load" and "Drop and Pick"?
When getting a price quote for international shipping, specifically for ocean freight, a shipper should be sure to know the difference between live load and drop and pick. Pricing and responsibilities are different with each option.
In a live load arrangement, a driver will transport an empty freight container to the shipper. After the shipper loads the container, the driver will secure and seal the container for transport. There is generally a time limit in which the load must be completed without additional cost.
If a shipper chooses a drop and pick, the driver will deliver a freight container, leaving it for a few days. After it is loaded, the driver is called back to retrieve it and take it to the appropriate container yard (CY). This option is generally more expensive unless the loading location is very close to the CY.
6. What are the necessary shipping documents used in international shipping?
The international shipping experts at a freight transportation management service can assist any shipper with all shipping documents required by a carrier and/or by law.
Some common documents required in an international shipment are bill of lading (BOL), a commercial invoice or valued inventory list, packing list with pieces, weight and packing materials described, fumigation certificate, visa/quota, certificate of origin, hazardous materials declaration and other legal documents.
7. What is an ocean freight Bill of Lading?
An Ocean Freight Bill of Lading (BOL) is a document issued by the carrier indicating that certain goods have been received on board for transport to a specific place and consignee. The BOL is legally significant because it represents the contract between carrier and shipper. It also serves as receipt and document of title to the goods.
8. What is SED (Shipper's Export Declaration)?
Many shippers must also complete a Shipper's Export Declaration or SED. An SED is a form used by the U.S. Government to compile export statistics for the country. Certain shipments are exempt from reporting. The form is available from the U.S. Census Department. Ask your freight transportation management service for more information on SEDs.
9. Is ocean freight insured?
Most ocean freight carriers contractually limit their liability for damage to cargo. The dollar limitation varies from carrier to carrier but is typically relatively low. A shipper should be sure to find out exactly what the limitation is before shipping.
The shipper should then probably purchase extra insurance for the shipment prior to tendering the cargo to the carrier. Questions about coverage and insurance certificates can be answered by your service representative.
International shipping quotes are easily available through our web-based freight transportation management service online quoting system. After a shipper has had the opportunity to compare available shipping options, any additional questions can be handled directly by our experienced personnel.