Australia Freight Shipping Startup

Discount Freight Shipping in Australia

Freight shipping in Australia is the only way for businesses to survive if they depend on exporting their goods to foreign countries. However, international freight can be quite expensive – especially for smaller businesses and start-ups. Finding sensible shipping solutions that will save you money is important for any business that wants to survive and continue to grow. Despite what you might believe there are ways of saving money when freight shipping – without having to compromise on quality service and/or confidence in your shipper. Although your international freight provider might not readily offer you the best shipping rates – if you have a budget in mind, there are ways of making your shipment costs fit within it.

International Freight Shipping Definition

International  Freight Shipping in Australia

One of the easiest ways of cutting down on shipping costs is to opt for the least expensive form of shipping. If you have an international freight shipping need, then sending your shipment by sea is the most economical. If you are connected by land bridges to your ultimate destinations, then shipping by road is often the cheapest option. Find out what Freight Shipping Company in Australia would best work for your needs money-wise and then request that option. However, bear in mind that if your shipment is time-sensitive, you will most likely have to compromise cost for expediency.

International Freight Shipping From Australia

There are different types of containers available an those that provide the greater amount of security and protection for your Freight shipping in Australia will cost more than the others. Here we will look at four options when it comes to containers:

1- Closed container: most secure and protected option, but most expensive. Most commonly used sizes are 20 foot and 40 foot – but if you have a small shipment you may not need so much space.

2- Sharing a container: If your shipment is too small to warrant a regular container you can save money by requesting to share the container with another shipment heading to your same destination.

3- Smaller container: There are smaller container options that are available, however, they are not the cheapest option, but are a good compromise if you want the protection without the very big price.

Discount Freight Shipping in Australia

4- Open pallet: An open pallet is exactly what its name implies – a pallet onto which your goods are stacked and then secured using cello-wrap or something similar. It is by far the cheapest option available, however, your goods must be very securely packed and it is best if the goods were not breakable.

Routing

The next way to save money when it comes to freight shipping is to request a longer or more circuitous route. If you are not in any hurry for your goods to arrive at their destination, then you can booked them on a carrier that will make several stops before reaching its ultimate destination. It is a good way of freight shipping your goods without having to pay the full, high price-tag that comes along with a direct shipment with no stops.

International Discount Freight Shipping in Australia

Freight Shipping Quote Online

Selecting or finding a freight broker or transportation carrier is one of the most critical decisions you will make in your business.

Why? Because if your orders are not delivered on-time and in one piece or without damage you will have likely lost a customer. Like it or not freight shipping services can make or break your company and they are an extension of your business.

The trucking and transportation industry is huge. On a typical day in the USA, about 43 million tons of goods, valued at about $29 billion, moved nearly 12 billion ton-miles on the nation's interconnected transportation network. These domestic numbers are according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics and give you a simple snapshot of the scope or importance of this sector. It is staggering how crucial this business is when it comes to moving our goods and it can literally cripple a nation if it is shutdown for any length of time.

First lets define freight shipping services, freight broker and some other terms used in the shipping industry.


  • Truckload: This is where the amount of cargo typically fills the truck. The owner of the goods is paying the cost for a full load to go from point A to point B.


  • Consignor: Shipper, person or firm (usually the seller) who delivers a consignment to a carrier for transporting it to a consignee (usually the buyer) named in the transportation documents. Ownership (title) of the goods remains with the consignor until the consignee pays for them in full.


  • Consignee: the person to whom merchandise is delivered over to or receiver.


  • TDG: Transportation of Dangerous Good. A regulation used to ensure safe delivery and identification of hazardous goods.


  • WHMIS: The Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) is Canada's national hazard communication standard. The key elements of the system are cautionary labelling of containers of WHMIS "controlled products", the provision of material safety data sheets (MSDS) and worker education and training programs.


  • Intermodal: Is when your shipment involves more than one mode or form of transportation during it trip from origin to destination. Your shipment might start off on a truck, get loaded on rail then ultimately end up in an ocean carrier or a ship.


  • Air Freight Services: Carriage paid for goods transported in aircraft or air cargo.


  • Freight Broker: A freight broker is an individual or company that serves as a liaison between another individual or company that needs shipping services and an authorized motor carrier.


  • Customs Broker: Assist importers and exporters in meeting Federal requirements governing imports and exports. Brokers submit necessary information and appropriate payments to regulatory bodies behalf of their clients and charge them a fee for this service.


  • LTL: Less than Truckload.


  • FOB Point: Free on board aka freight on board. This term determines when legal title of goods passes from shipper to buyer. This RFQPro provides a detailed explanation on the importance of FOB Points and how they work.

We have put together some tips we hope will help you make a decision regarding selecting the right freight shipping service for your organization.


  1. Request routing or coverage areas. Smaller firms interline or join forces with other networks.

  2. Ask about fleet size and number of employees. Do they own their own trucks, how big is their fleet and do they sub-contract work (independents). This may not matter to you but an actual employee of the company versus and independent contractor is the point we are raising.

  3. How long they have been in business.

  4. Request a copy of their Spill response plan.

  5. Emergency response plan.

  6. Do they have a safety coordinator on staff. How do they handle training. Get copies of all certifications for handling dangerous goods and proof of driver certifications. If you are shipping toilet paper this may not be on your priority list however if you are moving fuel, chemicals or any other products which could damage the environment much of the above applies.

  7. Safety Records - Sample of an accident investigation performed in their organization.

  8. Ask for their damage claim history.

  9. Copy of their liability insurance. You may wish to request anywhere from $5 - 10 million depending on commodities they ship on your behalf.

  10. Workers compensation coverage.

These are just a few of the areas you may wish to target in evaluating and selecting your service provider.

Australia Freight Shipping in Australia

Freight Shipping Time

The types of sea shipping

There are many different types of ship used for international sea freight; the differences reflecting the various requirements of importers and exporters, with particular vessels used to transport different types of cargo. Below is a summary of the different types of vessels used:

· Roll-on roll-off, or 'ro-ro' vessels are used to carry both haulage and passenger vehicles

· Container vessels are used to transport standard 20' or 40' containers

· Tankers are used to carry bulk liquids, such as oil and gas

· General cargo ships will carry all types of loose packed cargo

· Bulk carriers are used for the transportation of large volume, single commodity loads, such as coal, grain and ores

Trade vessels essentially operate in two ways:

· As liner vessels operating on fixed routes, and usually with a standard tariff. This sector is dominated by roll-on roll-off vessels, container and general cargo ships

· Or as charter vessels operating according to the demands of the organsiation chartering them.

The way in which goods are transported onto ships

There are three main ways in which goods are transported on ships:

Loaded in containers

Container shipping dominates international shipments. The benefits of container shipping is the ease of intermodal transit, (ie containers can be off-loaded and transferred directly to a road or rail vehicle); the ability to offer a door to door service; the speed and efficiency of loading / unloading and the obvious financial impact of such and finally, the security of the goods during transit.

There are many different types of container, such as refrigerated and open topped containers, however the most commonly used containers are the 20ft & 40ft containers. Their respective dimensions and capacity are as follows:

20ft: 589cm x 235cm x 239cm (h) - capacity 33.2 cubic metres

40ft: 1,203cm x 235cm x 239cm (h) - capacity 67.7 cubic metres

Break bulk

Break bulk is a term used to refer to any non bulk goods which aren't containerised, such as goods on pallets, crates, or in drums or sacks. This form of transportation tends to be used for specialist trades, such as fresh fruit and vegetables, or for transport to smaller ports which may not have the necessary infrastructure to handle container cargo.

In bulk

Used for the transportation of large quantities of certain commodities, such as coal, ore, oil etc.

Key international shipping routes

The main international shipping routes reflect the flow of world trade, with sailings being most frequent on those routes where the trade volumes are the largest and therefore demand the greatest.

For sailings into the UK, by far the busiest routes are those from the Far East, especially China. The North Atlantic route, which links Western Europe with the USA and Canada, is also a busy route. Sailings from the Middle East for the transport of oil, as well as routes to India, Australia, East and West Africa and Central and South America are also particularly busy.

Although there are services from the UK to all the main trading economies, if your goods are destined for a country with little trade with the UK, they may need to be transshipped to another local sailing during the final leg of the journey.

There will normally be a number of different options by which your goods can reach their final destination. These can be explored in detail by discussing them with freight forwarders who will have knowledge of the most cost effective and time efficient routes.

The costs of international shipping

There are a variety of factors which will impact the cost of moving goods by sea. Essentially there are two elements: the actual cost of the sea freight charged by the vessel operator, and the costs related to the handling and clearance of the goods at the ports of origin and destination.

Various factors will influence how these charges are calculated:

· The actual ocean freight is usually charged according to the shipping lines standard tariff, although larger shippers and certain freight forwarders may be able to negotiate preferential discounts

· Rates for charter vessels will depend on the supply and demand conditions prevalent at the time of charter

Other factors that will impact the final price include:

· The different rates for specific categories of cargo

· Congestion charges at the busier ports

· Currency adjustment factor (CAF), which takes into account the exchange rate changes during transit

· Bunker adjustment factor (BAF), which takes into account fuel price fluctuation

· Surcharges levied by the ports or shipping lines to cover the costs associated with different regulatory regimes

Another factor relating to containerised goods is whether or not you are shipping a full container load (FCL). Most shipping lines have tariffs based on container rates, making it far more economical to ship a full container. If your consignment is less than container load (LCL), it may be worth consolidating your cargo with that of other importers / exporters, in which case you will only pay for the weight and volume related to your own goods.

Establishing the most cost effective way to transport your goods can be a complicated task. You can either research and cost the various different options yourself, or employ the services of a freight forwarder to handle these issues for you..

Documentation for moving goods by sea

Transporting your goods by ocean shipping, as with most aspects of international trade requires the completion of a wide variety of documents. Below is a summary of the key documents:

Firstly you will need an Export Cargo Shipping Instruction which is a document that you provide to the shipping company which details your goods and your instructions for the shipment. If you employ the services of a freight forwarder they will complete this for you. You will also require one of the following:

· For hazardous cargo, a Dangerous Goods Note (DGN), which details the nature of the goods and the hazards they present

· For non hazardous cargo, a Standard Shipping Note (SSN), which provides the port of loading the information they require to handle your goods correctly.

In addition to the above, you will also require one of the following:

· A Bill of Lading. This is issued by the carrier and shows that the goods have been received. It also provides proof of a contract of carriage and acts as a document of title to the goods

· A Sea Waybill. This is similar to the bill of lading, the main difference being that it doesn't confer title, therefore making it quicker and easier to use. A Sea Waybill is used where there exists a well established relationship between a buyer and seller or when ownership doesn't actually change hands, for example when the goods are being shipped between divisions of the same company

For a detailed breakdown of industry terminology you may want to visit the Baltic Exchange website.

Marine transit insurance

Marine transit insurance doesn't just cover the ocean shipping; it also covers the transport of the goods by road, rail or air.

To ensure that your cover is valid, you need to prove that you have an 'insurable interest' in the goods, which means proving that the goods belong to you. A shipping lines liability for the goods they transport is set by various international conventions and doesn't always amount to the full value of the goods, which is why it is important to ensure that you have your own cover.

Contract of sale & insurance

There are several risks involved in international trade such as loss, damage and delay (such as detention at customs). How the risks are shared between the buyer and seller should be detailed in the sales using Incoterms.

Incoterms are a standard set of terms detailing precisely when responsibility for costs and risks moves from the seller to the buyer, and can impact your insurance costs as the more costs you are responsible for, the greater the insurance cover you will need.

In an ex-works (EXW) transaction, a seller is considered to have delivered the goods once they've been collected from the factory or warehouse. Therefore, from that point onward all risk passes to the buyer, as such the buyer needs to ensure that the goods are insured from that point onwards.

In a delivered-duty-paid (DDP) sale, the risk passes to the buyer only when the goods have arrived at their destination and have been cleared. In such a scenario a seller needs to insure the goods up to that point after which the risk is transferred to the buyer. Under a DDP sale the buyer or seller is under no obligation to contract for insurance. There are only two terms in Incoterms (CIF and CIP) which require insurance to be contracted; in both cases it is the seller's obligation to insure.


Discount Freight Shipping in Australia

Freight shipping in Australia is the only way for businesses to survive if they depend on exporting their goods to foreign countries. However, international freight can be quite expensive – especially for smaller businesses and start-ups. Finding sensible shipping solutions that will save you money is important for any business that wants to survive and continue to grow. Despite what you might believe there are ways of saving money when freight shipping – without having to compromise on quality service and/or confidence in your shipper. Although your international freight provider might not readily offer you the best shipping rates – if you have a budget in mind, there are ways of making your shipment costs fit within it.

International Freight Shipping Containers

International  Freight Shipping in Australia

One of the easiest ways of cutting down on shipping costs is to opt for the least expensive form of shipping. If you have an international freight shipping need, then sending your shipment by sea is the most economical. If you are connected by land bridges to your ultimate destinations, then shipping by road is often the cheapest option. Find out what Freight Shipping Company in Australia would best work for your needs money-wise and then request that option. However, bear in mind that if your shipment is time-sensitive, you will most likely have to compromise cost for expediency.

International Freight Shipping From Australia

There are different types of containers available an those that provide the greater amount of security and protection for your Freight shipping in Australia will cost more than the others. Here we will look at four options when it comes to containers:

1- Closed container: most secure and protected option, but most expensive. Most commonly used sizes are 20 foot and 40 foot – but if you have a small shipment you may not need so much space.

2- Sharing a container: If your shipment is too small to warrant a regular container you can save money by requesting to share the container with another shipment heading to your same destination.

3- Smaller container: There are smaller container options that are available, however, they are not the cheapest option, but are a good compromise if you want the protection without the very big price.

4- Open pallet: An open pallet is exactly what its name implies – a pallet onto which your goods are stacked and then secured using cello-wrap or something similar. It is by far the cheapest option available, however, your goods must be very securely packed and it is best if the goods were not breakable.

Routing

The next way to save money when it comes to freight shipping is to request a longer or more circuitous route. If you are not in any hurry for your goods to arrive at their destination, then you can booked them on a carrier that will make several stops before reaching its ultimate destination. It is a good way of freight shipping your goods without having to pay the full, high price-tag that comes along with a direct shipment with no stops.

International Discount Freight Shipping in Australia

International Freight Shipping By Sea

What is FOB? This is a common question among those new to the shipping industry and a great inquiry, indeed. Failure to properly understand this concept can result in the loss of hundreds of dollars.

The best FOB definition is found in the meaning of the acronym itself, which is Free on Board, although some prefer to use the FOB definition of Freight on Board. Either way, this term signifies to the ship crew at what point during the shipping process the buyer of the product is not responsible for charges.

Some may wonder what the importance of understanding the FOB definition is, and there are many reasons why understanding this concept is important. The terms FOB determines the risk of loss involved as the product is transferred from the seller to the buyer. Furthermore, the buyer can lose a lot of money in being ignorant of these terms as they stipulate the amount of money owed for the shipment, and this can add up to a large sum of money especially for larger cargo.

Many are still confused at their options upon hearing the general definition. There are four standard choices in FOB. First, the seller can be responsible for paying for all of the shipping charges while the buyer is responsible for insurance on the product, and this method is known as CF Pay Freight to Destination. Others prefer to establish an FOB Destination which places a higher responsibility on the seller as they are responsible for both the cost to ship as well as the risk of loss. FOB Shipping Point is the exact opposite; the buyer is responsible for charges and possible damage. Finally, the choice of Pay Insurance and Freight to Destination stipulates that the seller is responsible for acquiring insurance on the product to protect it during the shipment.

Buyers of imported products who have been doing so for some time and have never been presented with their FOB options should inquire as they are subject to the terms set by the shipper, and these are often not to their advantage.

In the event that the product becomes lost or stolen during the shipping process, the buyer may be responsible for covering such damage. Often buyers will carry insurance on the shipment, but again this is something that should be determined beforehand in the terms and conditions. For this reason, all buyers of shipped goods should understand the concept of FOB.

Australia Freight Shipping in Australia

International Freight Shipping Cost Calculator

Freight forwarders are among the most important elements of the shipping industry. Without freight shipping services, businesses and individuals alike would be hard pressed to deliver their goods around the world. Commercial cargo is one of the driving factors of the global economy, and such bulk shipments are only made possible by the services of freight forwarders. No matter what type of business you own, unless you have a reliable and competent freight shipping supplier on your side, you will not be able to keep your clients happy or run a smooth ship - they are that crucial to a company.

Import/export companies are especially reliant upon the services of freight forwarders. Unless they can count on their shipments making to their ultimate destinations on time and under budget, they will not be able to keep their customers satisfied. A good freight shipping provider will not only offer their clients superior delivery services, but they will also have a logistics provider and customs broker on hand to take care of all the intricacies involved when shipping cargo overseas.

A good freight logistician will be able to chart out the proper route for shipping and shipment. Regardless of where a package must go or the budget restrictions of the client and competent logistician will be able to figure out the quickest and most cost efficient route for the cargo to take. Customs brokers complement the logistician services by clearing all shipments through customs. Depending on the kind of goods a business is shipping and the ultimate destination of the shipments, there are bound to be hurdles to jump and red tape to cut through before it can be cleared through customs. Unless you have an in-house customs broker who can do this job for you, then having a customs broker service offered by your freight forwarder is essential.

Without freight forwarders to do the heavy lifting for the shipping industry, the global trade/supply chain would not be quite as big as it is now or run as smoothly as it does currently. It is only through their expert management and tracking of each and every shipment that business is able to be conduct on such a grand, international scale.

In the future freight forwarders face the dilemma of keeping their costs down while still providing top-notch services to their clients. The rising cost of fuel and labour mean that at some point the industry will have to revise their work methods in order to continue offering a competitive service. Otherwise, businesses that find shipping costs eat into their bottom line too much, might decide that they will only service a more local clientele or find alternate means of providing for their customers.

The freight forwarding industry will continue to thrive regardless. However, its growth might slow down some in the future unless it is able to meet the infrastructure demands required of a constantly growing shipping industry. No matter what happens, the outlook for the world's freight forwarders is still rosy.